- Contraceptive pills - also called The Pill, birth control pills, prevention pills and oral contraceptives protect you against unwanted pregnancy
- For you not to get pregnant, you must take one pill daily without failing
- When you take the pill, it releases hormones that will stop your body from ovulating - that is, your body will not produce eggs so you cannot get pregnant
- The pill will not provide protection against HIV and sexually transmitted diseases
- Fortify your protection with condom to prevent sexually transmitted diseasesand HIV
- Your fertility will return (meaning you can get pregnant again) few days after you stop taking the pill
With normal use, 9 out of every 100 women taking the pill will become pregnant every year.
The pill is easy to use! Just pop one in your mouth and swallow it with water. The pill will be more effective if you take it at the same time everyday, like in the morning when you brush your teeth.
The use of contraceptive pills is safe for most ladies. However, do not take family pills in these two situations:
- If you think you may be pregnant.
- If you have had breast cancer
If you have more questions, find and visit a healthcare provider.
What to do depends on the kind of pill you take. Some birth control pills, called “combination pills” have two hormones — Estrogen and Progestin. Some pills have only progestin. Most women on the pill take combination pills. Ask your healthcare provider if you are not sure what kind of pill you are on.
Take your next pill as soon as you remember, and use condoms for 7 days afterward.
You may need a backup method of birth controlif you have vaginal intercourse during the seven days after a missed pill. Some backup methods are the condom or female condom. You can also use emergency contraception (morning after pill) up to five days after unprotected intercourse. This is a great option if you have vaginal intercourse before you realize you have missed pills. The sooner you take emergency contraception, the better it will work.
You could become pregnant if you take your progestin-only pill more than three hours past your regular time. If you do forget:
- Take a pill as soon as you remember.
- Take the next pill at the usual time.
- Continue to take the rest of the pack on schedule.
- Use a backup method (male or female condom) for 48 hours after taking the late pill.
Many women have spotting or light bleeding when they miss a family planning pill — even if they make it up later. Women also sometimes feel a little sick in their stomachs if they take two pills to make up for a missed pill. If you do feel a bit sick after taking two pills in a day, don’t worry. The nausea will not last long.
Talk to your healthcare provider if you have more questions!
- Clearer/Smoother skin (reduced pimples)
- It prevents pregnancy
- Pills can provide protection against ovarian (your ovaries) and endometrial (the lining of your uterus/womb) cancer
- Eases iron deficiency conditions such as anaemia
- Eases headaches and severe cramps before menstruation.
- Regulation of heavy or fluctuating menstruation.
- Spotting- bleeding at intervals (apart from menstruation).
- Breasts may become tender and sore to touch.
- Feeling like vomiting and/or actually vomiting.
- The pill offers no protection against HIV and STDs.
If you are experiencing uncomfortable reactions to your birth control method, ask a healthcare provider about other options. Remember, most side effects will diminish after a few months of taking the pill as your body gets used to the hormones.
You may have heard from people around you that pills cause breast cancer. It is so not true!
In fact, according to Doctors and researchers, taking pills can actually help to reduce your chances of having ovarian, cervical, womb and bowel cancer!
If anyone in your family, extended or nuclear, has had cancer at some point in time, or you want to further clarify other issues, consult a healthcare provider.