How to Get Pregnant
Many of us want to become parents someday. Some of us do not. And many people are unsure. There is a lot to think about if you're considering getting pregnant and having a child, and it's completely normal to have lots of questions.
By now, you should have discarded all those soft stories about how you will get pregnant if you eat too much, or if a boy stands too close to you or touches you, you will get pregnant… You did not believe them anyway, right?!
Pregnancy happens through sex. Unprotected sex. When a boy has insertive or penetrative vaginal sex with a girl, he releases sperm into the girl’s vagina, sperm meets egg and it fertilizes it. From the fertilised egg, a baby grows!
Let us break it down into three steps:
- Ovulation: is the monthly release of a woman’s egg from her ovaries.
- Fertilization (this is where pregnancy happens!) - the meeting or joining together of both the egg from the woman and sperm from the man to form one single cell.
- Implantation: The fertilised, single cell attaches to a woman’s uterus and begins to grow into a baby.
The first step is to learn the days when you are most fertile. Most women are fertile for about 7 days of every menstrual cycle (if they are not on birth control). Here is a simple way to figure out when your fertile cycle is:
- Keep track of your menstrual cycle and record how long it lasts. Day 1 is the first day of your period. The last day is the day before you get your next period. Since the length of your cycle can vary slightly from month to month, it is best to keep track for a few months.
- Then, subtract 18 days from the length of your shortest cycle: this is the first day you are likely to be fertile. For example, if your shortest cycle is 28 days, your first day of being fertile will happen on day 10 (10 days after your period begins). To calculate your last day of being fertile, subtract 11 days from the length of your longest cycle: this is the last day you are likely to be fertile. For example, if your longest cycle was 30 days, your last day of being fertile is 19 days after the first day of your period. Having sex between those two dates will give you the best shot at getting pregnant!
Another way to keep track of your cycle and fertile days is to use a period tracker application - you can find these on the Google Play Store or the Apple Application Store.
Some couples have a hard time conceiving a child. Learn more about Infertility in men and women.
A missed period is the first sign of pregnancy for most women. (For some, it is a sign of either hilarious joy but for others, it is dreaded news).
During this early stage, you may have signs like fatigue (you get tired easily), a feeling of being overfilled, having to urinate many times, constipation, mood changes, nausea-(feeling like throwing up), sensitive and slightly enlarged breasts, disliking some types of food and liking strange ones...etc
Not every woman will have these symptoms, in fact some may not even be aware of their new changes in their bodies until later but it is expected that women should notice at least one of these signs and symptoms at the early stage of pregnancy.
Remember though, that other health conditions may also feel like these signs and symptoms, so the surest way to be certain is to take a simple pregnancy test at a clinic or pharmacy. Find a Health Centre where you can get a pregnancy test.
Using birth control consistently and correctly is the best way to avoid pregnancy. There are many safe, effective birth control options.
Need a pregnancy test or just someone to talk to?
Fertility is being able to naturally conceive and bear children of one's own. Infertility means not being able to impregnate or get pregnant naturally and bear children of one's own.