Types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)--also known as Sexually Transmitted Infections or STIs--are quite common, in fact they are sadly more common than you think.

These infections are passed primarily through sexual intercourse. If you are sexually active, you should make getting tested a part of your way of life. Just because you do not have any symptoms does not mean you are okay. Many STDs/STIs do not have any symptoms, so you have to be really careful if you do not want to catch and/or transmit them.

How To Avoid Getting STDs/STIs: Prevention and Testing

Take precautions and/or get tested today, because while many STDs/STIs can be cured, there is no medicine for regret! The most effective way to prevent passing or becoming infected with STDs/STIs is to consistently and correctly use a condom.  Our protection, and that of our partners, from STDs/STIs literally lies in our hands.

Some vaccinations can also reduce your risk of catching certain infections including hepatitis B and some types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Talk to a healthcare provider if you would like to know more. Below is a list of STDs/STIs and remember -- better to get tested than be sorry!


Do I have an STD?


This is the start of an expanding list

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that you can successfully treat with antibiotic medicine. Chlamydia is a silent operator - most people who have chlamydia do not show any symptoms.


Gonorrhea is a common bacterial infection that is easily cured with antibiotic medicine. It is transmitted mostly through sex often it shows no symptoms.


Chancroid may have a funny name but it is a serious infection! It is a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD), but you can catch it even without penetrative sex. Common symptoms include sores on the genitals.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a type of liver infection that can be spread and caught during sex or foreplay. This infection can be spread easily, it is even worse because you may not have any symptoms. There is no cure but there are drugs that can help to manage it well.


Herpes is a very common Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD). It can affect the mouth (oral herpes) or genitals (genital herpes). It is easily spread. If you have it, you may or may not experience symptoms.

HPV & Genital Warts

HPV, also known as Genital Warts, is a common sexually transmitted virus. It spreads easily through skin-to-skin contact. There is no cure but treatment is available for genital warts symptoms.

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum Contagiosum is a virus that affects the skin. The name does not even sound nice, neither is the virus and its symptoms! Symptoms include small, round bumps with indents - the bumps look like blisters that have been pushed in at the centre.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It usually happens when a Sexually Transmitted Disease (like chlamydia or gonorrhea) is left untreated and allowed to spread from a woman’s vagina into her uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries.

Crabs/Pubic Lice

Pubic Lice are often called "crabs", probably because they look like very tiny crabs. Pubic lice are spread easily, especially through close contact. A common symptom is intense itching in your genital area.


Scabies is a skin condition. Common symptoms include intensely itchy, small bumps or rashes.


Syphilis is a disease that is transmitted sexually. It can infect the vagina, urethra, or penis, as well as the lips and mouth. Syphilis often has no symptoms.


Trichomoniasis is often called "Trich" (abbreviated form). It is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a parasite (worm). It often has no symptoms.